Identify which of Newton’s laws each of these situations is referencing.
1. The Earth continues to orbit the Sun.
2. You spike a volleyball and feel the sting in your hand.
3. You serve a volleyball and a bowling ball; the volleyball accelerates more than the bowling ball.
4. A book sits on a table.
5. On two separate occasions you experience a collision: with a shopping cart and subsequently with an automobile. Both objects had the same velocity. Which one did more damage to you? Why?
Choose another of Newton’s laws to apply to each of the situations, and describe how the situation would be affected.